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          當前位置:財經資訊網 > 財經 > 正文

          精品推薦------糧票一組

          2020-09-29 17:51 來源:網絡

          四川中寶元拍賣有限公司【藏.薦】欄為藏品強大的傳播效應向各位買家推薦經國家一級鑒定專家甄選的藝術珍品,為藏家牽線搭橋,讓千百件藝術珍品價值被發掘與重視,在拍賣會上得以高價成交。

          [Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.

           

          【名稱】:糧票一組

          【類型】: 雜項

          【年代】: 近現代

          【規格】:三張

          【Name】:Guangxu ingot a group

          【Tybe】:miscellaneous

          【Years】:In modern times

          【Specifications】:three

           

           

          【藏 品 簡 介】此組藏品由2張1966年全國通用五市斤和三市斤糧票和1張1974年湖南省地方貳市兩糧票組成。品相完整,無水漬污漬,無明顯破損,有正常流通使用的痕跡,整體保存良好,紙張采用第三套人民幣紙張。糧票是中國在特定經濟發展環境下發放的一種購糧憑證,具有一定的時代意義和紀念意義,具有較為重要的研究價值和收藏價值。

          The collection consists of two grain stamps, one for the five jin and three Jin in 1966 and one for the two Liang Shi in Hunan Province in 1974.The product is complete, no water stains, no obvious damage, there are signs of normal circulation and use, the whole is well preserved, the paper adopts the third set of RMB paper. Grain coupon is a kind of grain purchase voucher issued under the specific economic development environment in China. It has certain historical significance and commemorative significance, and has relatively important research value and collection value.

          糧票是20世紀50年代至80年代中國在特定經濟時期發放的一種購糧憑證。 中國最早實行的票證種類是糧票、食用油票、布票等。糧票作為一種實際的有價證券,在中國使用達40多年,隨著社會的發展,它已退出了歷史舞臺,成為收藏者的新寵。那時候,必須憑糧票才能購買糧食。其實憑票供應不是我國最早采用的,蘇聯在十月革命后,當時國內不穩定,內戰不斷,商品缺乏,就采取商品有計劃的分配,發放各種商品票證,蘇聯最早的票證是1916年的鞋票。 美國也在二戰時期商品緊張時,發放了各種商品票證,其種類也不少,這其中就含有糧票性質的票證。現在還有一些國家仍然采用憑票供應方式,如朝鮮、越南等一些國家。中國的糧票種類數量有"世界之最"之稱,全國2500多個市縣,還有一些鎮、鄉都分別發放和使用了各種糧票,進行計劃供應,還有一些大企業、廠礦、農場、學校、政府、機關等單位。糧票是特殊經濟條件下的歷史產物,票面題材廣泛,印制精細,具有時間性、地域性的特點。經年累月的歲月侵蝕,更使這種具有不可復制性的票證文物日漸稀少,珍品迭出,長期為海內外收藏愛好者所矚目。另外,有些發行于解放戰爭時期的公糧票,是解放戰爭時期革命軍隊在人民群眾支持下浴血奮戰的歷史見證,具有重要的紀念意義和收藏價值。"票證經濟"曾影響了我國幾代老百姓的生活,那是一段憑票吃糧喝湯的年代,也是靠糧票、布票等票、證過日子的計劃經濟時代。

          Food stamps are a kind of grain purchase voucher issued in China during specific economic periods from the 1950s to the 1980s. Food coupons, edible oil coupons and cloth coupons were the first to be implemented in China. As a kind of practical securities, food stamps have been used in China for more than 40 years. With the development of the society, food stamps have retired from the historical stage and become the favorite of collectors. In those days, food stamps were required to buy grain. In fact, voucher supply is not the first one adopted in China. After the October Revolution, the Soviet Union adopted a planned distribution of commodities and issued various commodity vouchers due to internal instability, continuous civil war and lack of commodities. The earliest voucher of the Soviet Union was the 1916 shoe ticket. In the United States during World War II, when there was a shortage of merchandise, there were many kinds of merchandise tickets, including food stamps. Some countries still supply by ticket, such as North Korea and Vietnam. The number of food stamps in China is reputed to be the largest in the world. More than 2,500 cities and counties, as well as some towns and townships, have issued and used food stamps for planned supply, and some large enterprises, factories, mines, farms, schools, governments, government agencies and other units have issued and used food stamps. Food stamps are a historical product under special economic conditions. They have a wide range of themes, fine printing, timeliness and regional characteristics. Years of years of erosion, more so that this non-replicability of the ticket cultural relics increasingly rare, treasures out, for a long time at home and abroad by collectors attention. In addition, some of the grain coupons issued during the War of Liberation are historical witnesses of the revolutionary troops fighting bloody battles with the support of the masses during the war of Liberation, and have important commemorative significance and collection value. Ticket economy has affected the lives of several generations of Chinese people. It was a period of time when people ate food and drank soup with tickets, and it was also a planned economy era when people lived on food stamps, cloth tickets and other tickets.

          最早實行憑票證供應的就是糧食。各地的商品票證通常分為"吃、穿、用"這三大類。新中國成立初期,物資極度匱乏,糧食自然無法做到敞開供應。中央政府開始醞釀糧食的計劃供應,以滿足全國人民的溫飽。1953 年,中央政府決定實行糧食統購統銷政策,包括糧食計劃收購政策,糧食計劃供應政策,1955 年8 月25 日,國務院全體會議第17 次會議通過《市鎮糧食定量供應憑證印制暫行辦法》,緊接著,國家糧食部向全國發布這一暫行辦法,很快,各種糧食票證便鋪天蓋地地進入社會。與票證時代相配合的,還有嚴格的戶籍管理以及城鄉二元分割的制度。農村人不可能像今天一樣自由進城打工,因為每月定量供給的糧票、油票只有城市人口才有,沒有城里人的身份,就拿不到這些票證,因此農民離開了土地,根本就無法生存。僅城鄉之間,城市與城市之間的遷移,同樣由于糧食關系的束縛而相當麻煩。當時的糧票分為全國通用和地方流動兩種。只有全國糧票才能在中華大地都有效。出差的人必須持單位介紹信去糧店換一定數量的全國糧票。當時糧票的制作制作使用的便是第三套人民幣紙張,為了增加造假難度,在票內使用水印技術作為防偽。除了全國通用糧票使水印紙印刷外,許多地方糧票也大量使用水印紙印制。這樣,便出現了大量水印糧票,這些水印糧票的水印圖案有五星、火炬、麥穗等多種。全國糧票,樣本鮮見。關于該年版票的誕生,普遍的觀點是因為1965年版糧票背面使用說明中第四條“本票不準買賣、涂改無效、遺失不補。”的第一個頓號標錯了,為了維護國票的形象,糧食部于1967年10月13日發(67)糧農字第186號《關于發行1966年新版全國通用糧票的通知》,正式啟用了在修正1965年版錯誤的基礎上而增印的1966年版糧票。至于這種說法是否正確,無從考證,不過1965年版成為公開發行的錯版糧票道是不爭的事實。與1965年版一樣,1966年版的全國通用糧票也存在著有水印和無水印兩種版別。不同的是半斤和一斤均沒有水印版,而五斤這枚因水印圖案不同又衍生成大小實心五角星和空心五角星加麥穗兩種版別。讓人費解的是該套票的實票在現實中存量可謂是天文數字,可票樣卻難得一見。糧票鑒賞關鍵1、設計好差2、發行量大小3、有無水印(無水印糧票占了中國糧票品種的98%)4、制作工藝簡單,如同電腦打印機出來的5、地市級糧票多,且發行程序不規范6、南方人不喜歡面食,故面票,粉票,等不歡迎,收藏基礎范圍受限。糧票自身是沒有價值的票證,但憑糧票可買到國家牌價糧食,實際上糧票成了一種有價證券。糧票的面值等于國家牌價糧價與市場價之差。1993年后中國已取消使用糧票,糧票很快進入了收藏品的行列,全國集"糧"愛好者也在不斷擴大。近兩年在香港、澳門特區和歐美一些國家高價購買競相收藏中國糧票中的珍品。隨著時間推移,集糧熱的升溫,糧票收藏品市場也必將上揚。只要掌握好收藏糧票的基本原則,投資收藏糧票前景十分可觀。糧票曾作為中國的第二"貨幣",在中國歷時40年,它反映了中國各個歷史時期的社會經濟狀況,有較為重要的研究價值和收藏價值。

          The first food to be supplied by ticket was grain. Commodity tickets in various places are usually divided into "eat, wear, use" these three categories. In the early days of the founding of The People's Republic of China, there was a severe shortage of materials. The central government began to plan the supply of grain to feed and clothe the whole nation. Food in 1953, the central government decided to unified purchase and marketing policy, policy, including food plan to purchase the food planned supply policy, on August 25, 1955, the 17th plenary meetings of the State Council meeting through the "interim measures for town food rationing vouchers printed", followed by the ministry of national food to the country this interim measures, soon, all kinds of food ticket will flood into society. In line with the era of ticket and certificate, there are also strict household registration management and the system of urban-rural dual division. Rural people could not work in cities as freely as they do today, because the monthly ration of food stamps and oil stamps was only available to the urban population. Without the status of a city dweller, they could not get these tickets. Therefore, peasants left the land and could not survive at all. Migration between urban and rural areas alone, and between cities, is equally troublesome because of the constraints of food relations. At that time, there were two kinds of food stamps, national and local. Only the national food stamps can be valid throughout China. The person that go on a business trip must carry unit introduction letter to grain store to change a certain amount countrywide grain stamp. At that time, the production of food stamps is the use of the third set of RMB paper, in order to increase the difficulty of counterfeiting, the use of watermark technology in the ticket as anti-counterfeiting. In addition to the national use of water printing paper food stamps, many local food stamps also use water printing paper printing. In this way, a large number of watermark food stamps appeared, the watermark pattern of these food stamps has five stars, torch, wheat ears and so on. National food stamps, samples are rare. The popular view on the birth of this year's stamp is due to article 4 of the instructions on the back of the 1965 food stamp: "Promissory notes may not be bought or sold, altered, or lost." In order to maintain the image of the national stamp, the Ministry of Food issued food and Agriculture Word No. 186 on October 13, 1967 (67) "Notice on the Issuance of a New 1966 Edition of National General Food Stamps", officially launching the 1966 edition of food stamps on the basis of correcting the errors of the 1965 edition. Whether this is true is impossible to verify, but it is certainly true that the 1965 version became the wrong version of the food stamps. Like the 1965 version, the 1966 version of the national general food stamps also exist with and without watermark two editions. The difference is half catty and a catty are not watermark version, and the five catty because of the watermark pattern is different and derived into the size of solid pentacle and hollow pentacle plus wheat two types of plate. What is puzzling is that the actual stock of tickets for this package is astronomical, but the samples are rare. Food stamps appreciation key 1, design good 2, circulation size 3, with and without watermark (no watermark ration accounted for 98% of the varieties of Chinese food stamps) 4, simple manufacturing process, like a computer printer out of 5, prefecture-level food stamps, and the irregular procedure of issue 6, from the south don't like pasta, so the plane tickets, meal ticket, do not welcome, such as limited scope of collection basis. Food stamps themselves are worthless, but they can be used to buy grain at state prices. In fact, food stamps have become a kind of negotiable securities. The face value of food stamps is the difference between state and market prices. After 1993, China has abolished the use of food stamps, food stamps soon entered the ranks of collectibles, the national "food" collectors are also expanding. Nearly two years in Hong Kong, Macao special Administrative Region and some Countries in Europe and the United States to buy a competitive collection of Chinese food stamps treasures. With the passage of time, the heat of grain collection, food stamp collectibles market is bound to rise. As long as the basic principle of food stamps collection is mastered, the prospect of investment in food stamps collection is very considerable. Food stamps used to be the second "currency" in China, which lasted for 40 years. They reflected the social and economic conditions in various historical periods of China, and had relatively important research value and collection value.

          此件藏品已委托四川中寶元拍賣有限公司參加阿聯酋.迪拜藝術品大型拍賣會,歡迎有興趣的客戶屆時參加!

          The collection has been entrusted to Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to participate in the United Arab Emirates. Dubai art auction, welcome interested customers to attend!

          国产日韩欧美毛片在线